Major advances in the understanding of basic mechanisms of pain and the neural pathways involved were provided by research on animals and human subjects by using well defined noxious stimuli and observing objective or subjective responses. However, spontaneous pain often cannot be sufficiently understood by such simple "input-output" concept with linear causality. Rather, spontaneous pain may involve complex and nonlinear system functioning, resulting in differences in pain severity, time course and response to treatment.
Interfering variables discovered include modulating brain circuits (e.g., descending inhibition from midbrain PAG) and mediators (e.g., amino acid neurotransmitters and their variety of modifiable receptors, endogenous opioids and cannabinoids, cytokines), genetic polymorphisms, changes in gene transcription or epigenetic regulation of neuronal networks. Last not least, psychological conditions such as distraction, stress, anticipation and placebo, for example, can radically alter the severity and time course of pain. The European Pain School 2014 is aimed at opening new frontiers to advanced students and future young investigators.
Contemporary pain science has attained high standards and is acknowledged as an academic discipline worldwide. Likewise, pain medicine is currently emerging as a medical subject with a great integrative potential against the centrifugal and often fragmented tendencies of much of contemporary practical medicine. The International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) and its worldwide chapters provide impetus to this process, resulting in the advancement of interdisciplinary programs for the ultimate benefit of pain patients. The European Pain School is focused on advancing this new vision among junior investigators interested in basic and clinical research.
Anna Maria Aloisi, Siena, Italy
Giancarlo Carli, Siena, Italy
Marshall Devor, Jerusalem, Israel
Sulayman Dib-Hajj, New Haven, CT, USA
Chris Eccleston, Bath, UK
Deolinda Lima, Oporto, Portugal
Jeffrey Mogil, Montreal, QC, Canada
Carlo Porro, Modena, Italy
Jordi Serra, Barcelona, Spain
Rolf-Detlef Treede, Heidelberg, Germany
Manfred Zimmermann, Heidelberg, Germany
Anna Maria Aloisi MD, Ph.D.
Dept Medicine, Surgery and Neuroscience
University of Siena
Via Aldo Moro, 2
53100 Siena - Italy
9 December 2013
7 February 2014
Notification of selection
24 March 2014
Deadline for attendance confirmation
2 April 2014
Deadline for payment
30 April 2014